51; Evolutionists try to portray intelligent design as something outside of science that threatens science. Actually, the techniques of intelligent design are hard at work within science, and have been for some time. Examples are not hard to find on a variety of fronts.Archaeology: “The ability to tell the difference between crystals that formed naturally and those formed by human activity can be important to archaeologists in the field,” began an article on PhysOrg. Scientists at Duke University have “developed a process that can tell in a matter of minutes the origin of samples thousands of years old.” Merely from the way that the calcite crystals are organized, they can detect whether a rock is natural or comes from man-made plaster. Incidentally, the technique was recently tested “at an ancient site in central Israel at Tel Safit, close to where David is thought to have slain Goliath,” the article said. On a related note, Science Daily reported on a team at Monash University in Australia that claims to have found the “world’s oldest ground-edge implement.” This indicates the ability to distinguish natural structures from those worked by human hands on purpose – by design.Biomimetics: The science of imitating natural designs is a form of intelligent design science in practice (11/04/2010, 10/30/2010). PhysOrg reported on work by Newcastle University students who engineered bacteria to form a sealer for repairing cracks in concrete. They make the bacteria swim into the cracks, where the microbes “glue” the sides together with their secretions. This may make it possible “to prolong the life of structures which are environmentally costly to build.” Similarly, Science Daily said that a researcher at Delft University in the Netherlands trained bacteria to convert biowaste into plastic. And then there’s this: New Scientist reported that students in Tokyo got E. coli bacteria to solve Sudoku puzzles.Code in the nose: Codes and information are stock-in-trade of intelligent design: conveying messages from one entity to another. Did you know you have a code in your nose? (06/26/2005, 02/01/2008). It’s a sophisticated one, too: “Odor Coding in Mammals Is More Complex Than Previously Thought,” reported Science Daily. “A new study in the Journal of General Physiology (JGP) shows that the contribution of odorant receptors (ORs) to olfactory response in mammals is much more complex than previously thought, with important consequences for odorant encoding and information transfer about odorants to the brain.” The patterns that researchers at Rockefeller University studied “may contribute heretofore unsuspected information used by the olfactory system in categorizing odorants.” Another recent story on coding can be found on PNAS, where scientists at Johns Hopkins University found another molecule that is part of the “histone code” in genetics (09/25/2010, bullet 3; 07/26/2006).Other examples of current scientific practice using intelligent design techniques include SETI (10/16/2010), forensics, paleoanthropology (e.g., determining when self-cognition arose), computer science, information science, cryptography, steganography, operations research, cognitive neuroscience, some theories of psychology, sociology, political science, artificial intelligence, robotics, optimization, historiography, linguistics, philology – and, in biology, arguably biophysics, genetics and systems biology.Intelligence is real. Design is real. Information is real. Intelligent causes are real. The question is not whether the researchers in the above fields believe in evolution or I.D. Many of the above probably believe fervently in evolution. The point is that they use techniques predicated on the assumption that design is detectable. Even a hiker can tell that three stones on top of one another were put there on purpose to convey a message. Some websites like eSkeptic use gymnastic circumlocutions to deny this, calling I.D.’s comparison of SETI with intelligent design a “category error,” or the use of design detection as a “point of departure,” or claiming that the secular researcher knows in advance that the intelligent agent found will be human (in the case of archaeology). Come now. One cannot define science in such a way that rules out intelligent causes and then say that intelligent design is not science. To do that, one would have to judge much of the history of science as unscientific, because Newton, Kepler, John Ray, Linnaeus and many other scientists performed world-class science to seek understanding of the Designer’s mind. The skeptics cannot, furthermore, disqualify science based on the motives or beliefs of the scientists, or what their evidence might imply. There are no demarcation criteria that can rule out intelligent design a priori in science. Science is supposed to represent an authentic, honest effort to follow the evidence where it leads. If one rules out intelligent causes at the outset, one can miss the true nature of reality. And honesty in science already presupposes an intelligent cause for its existence. The biomimetics researcher knows he has a good design to mimic. The biochemist studying the histone code knows that a functional message is embedded in the structure. The SETI researcher knows a message will imply purpose and intent – and in the particular case of SETI, the seeker has advance knowledge the intelligence will be non-human; it could even be robotic, angelic or demonic–how would anyone tell? The comparisons between intelligent design and these other active sciences are obvious and real. No amount of dancing with words can cover for ignoring the obvious, unless one is committed to malevolent intelligent design – which the devils also believe, and cause trouble.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest We are still getting a lot of questions about Fertilizer Certification from farmers. Yes, this new regulation applies to you. You, being almost every farmer in Ohio. You have until September 30, 2017 to become certified to apply fertilizer.While there are exceptions, most of these exceptions would only apply to a very small farmer such as one who has 50 acres or less. This site gives more details on the legal issues: http://aglaw.osu.edu/blog-categories/environmental.For the purposes of this Training, “fertilizer” means anything with an N-P-K analysis — meaning yes this includes nitrogen if the co-op applies everything else and you only apply sidedress N. And if you take manure from a concentrated animal feeding facility — a great opportunity by the way — then yes you too need to be certified to apply that manure.Record keeping requirements start when you receive you yellow Fertilizer Applicator Certificate. Within 24 hours of any nutrient application, you must record: Name of fertilizer certificate holder Name of applicator working under direct supervision of certificate holder (if any) Date of application Location (field ID, farm) Fertilizer analysis (such as 11-52-0) Rate of fertilizer application (lbs/A) and total amount applied Fertilizer application method (surface-applied, incorporated, etc) Soil conditions For surface applications only: is ground frozen or snow covered? Temperature and precipitation during application Weather forecast for day following application.And you must keep those records of your nutrient application for three years. One very good place to get and print off weather records and a forecast is http://weather.gov.To find a program for this month – check at http://nutrienteducation.osu.edu. At this same website you may also get more information on the education program Ohio State University delivers and some clarification on the regulations from the Ohio Department of Agriculture.
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Looking to give your footage a high-budget cinematic look? Check out these tips.There’s a lot more that goes into getting a cinematic image than simply buying the right camera. From pre-production to post, every aspect of the filmmaking process works together to create a beautiful end film. Let’s take a look at a few ways to create beautiful cinematic footage.1. StoryboardStoryboarding is one of the most overlooked yet vital aspects of filmmaking. While you may not be able to storyboard for every project (like, say a documentary), you should always be storyboarding for a narrative film. Storyboarding allows you to get the ideas from your head onto paper so you can share them with the rest of the crew.Even if you think you have an incredibly clear vision for your film in your head, you will inevitably run into a point on set where your original creative vision is getting a little fuzzy under pressure. Take time to storyboard each shot before you arrive on set. You don’t have to be the best artist in the world. Just jot down composition notes as best you can. You can download a free storyboard template here on PremiumBeat.2. Shoot 24fpsAlmost all modern film is shot in 24 fps, however the default for most modern video cameras is 30fps. So if you want to make your footage look more cinematic, you need to be shooting in 24fps. Most modern cameras allow you to at least change between 30fps and 24fps. If you want to shoot slow motion footage, you could shoot at even higher frame rates like 60fps or 120fps and slow it down to 24fps when you edit.3. Shallow Depth of FieldThere’s very few things as noticeably cinematic as a shallow depth of field. If you’re not already familiar with the term, depth of field refers to the portion of the frame that is in focus. A camera like an iPhone has a very wide depth of field, meaning it’s very hard to get a background out of focus. A DSLR style camera can get an out-of-focus background very easily.If you’re determined to get the most cinematic footage possible on a budget, you should definitely look into using a DSLR or mirrorless photographic-style camera instead of a camcorder.4. Don’t ZoomZooming is great for shooting a high school football game, not so much for shooting a film. There are very few cases of zooming in modern cinema. Don’t believe me? Watch your favorite film and look for the number of times they zoom.Unless you’re watching an Edgar Wright film, it’s unlikely that you’ll find any zooming shots. Instead filmmakers typically use a technique called dollying in which they will physically move the entire camera towards the subject. The result is a much more natural movement that is pleasing to the eye.5. High Dynamic RangeDynamic range refers to your camera’s ability to simultaneously record both bright and dark areas simultaneously. To illustrate the point, think about terrible local news footage. In most of their footage you’ll likely see a reporter standing under direct sunlight with a sky that is completely white. This is incredibly distracting and it will look terrible to an audience in a theater. Now contrast that with the footage from The Revenant trailer where you can see details in the clouds and in the ground at the same time.Back in the day (5 years ago), cameras with high dynamic ranges were very expensive. But with recent advancements in technology, notably from Blackmagic Design, you can now get beautifully balanced images for an affordable price.6. Shoot in RAWYou’ve probably already heard of a term called codec. Essentially, a codec is the way in which your camera packages up your video before it gives it to the computer. Some codecs squish your video files to make them smaller, while others allow for more information and are subsequently larger in size. However, if you want to get the best image possible, you don’t want to use a codec at all. Instead you should shoot in a format called RAW.RAW files are essentially the raw pixel information straight from the camera to the card. Instead of the camera compressing the video image, it will record all of the data to a card. This will result in some pretty large file sizes, but you will have greater control over the color of your video when you jump into your editing software.7. Dramatic LightingLighting is not as scary as it sounds. While you could certainly spend your entire career trying to understand the subtle nuances asserted with cinematic lighting, it doesn’t necessarily take an expert to create decent lighting. All you really need is a 5-in-1 reflector and a cheap LED light. Less is more when it comes to lighting a cinematic image.With just a few lights, you can create a beautifully cinematic image. For more on this subject, I highly recommend checking out our low-key lighting post here on PremiumBeat.8. Prime LensesIf you want to make your footage (and photographs, for that matter) look 4x better, go out and buy a prime lens. Sure, a prime lens doesn’t quite give you the flexibility of shooting on a zoom lens, but you probably won’t be using that zoom feature anyways (remember #4). Prime lenses tend to be sharper, better in low light, and capable of producing a more shallow depth of field.Prime lenses can be incredibly expensive (like in the $100K range) but they can also be incredibly cheap. At $100, Canon’s 50mm f/1.8 is a great place to start. If that’s still too much, you can always convert an old prime lens using an adapter.9. Color GradeIt can be easy to simply want to export your project once you get done editing, but if you want your footage to look really cinematic, you should color correct and grade all of your footage before hitting that export button. There are people who spend their entire careers color grading footage, so don’t think this process is easy. Luckily, there are a lot of really easy resources out there for creating cinematic color grades very quickly.Most notably is Magic Bullet from Red Giant. Using their drag and drop color grading presets, you can very quickly give your footage a stylized look. If your budget is slim, there are also a lot of good free color grading presets out there.Can you think of a 10th way to make your footage more cinematic? Share in the comments below.
A special CBI court on Thursday sentenced three brothers to life in prison for killing a 17-year-old girl five years ago. Special Judge Vinayak Singh also imposed a fine of ₹1.30 lakh each on the convicts – Rohtash, Sunil and Lalit – after holding them guilty under Sections 302 (punishment for murder), 307 (attempt to murder) and 452 (house-trespass after preparation for hurt, assault) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). They were directed to pay ₹1.50 lakh and ₹50,000 to the girl’s parents Suresh Pal and Anita, respectively. Public prosecutor Darshan Singh said due to a land dispute, the assailants barged into the girl’s house in Muthber village under the Bhorakala police station and attacked her parents in March 2014. As the assailants fired upon her parents, the girl came in between and sustained gunshot injuries. Later, she succumbed to her injuries, said Singh. Initially, Rohtash, who was also allegedly involved in the 2013 Muzaffarnagar riots, had managed to evade arrest. Another suspect, Praveen, was given a clean chit during the investigation.
After dazzling the world with a gala opening to the Commonwealth Games, Delhi is busy creating another breathtaking show for the closing ceremony.The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium will turn into a gigantic discotheque with the iconic aerostat again turning into a showstopper. It will double up as a huge strobe light under which the big music party will jig and jive.India’s historic 1-2-3 in discus | Vijender & Co. settle for bronze | Indian shooters’ golden surprise | Medals’ TallyUnder the theme ‘universal love’, 29 performers, including 12 singers, musicians and DJs, will showcase a vibrant, modern India. They will jam under the arc lights to create a spectacular confluence of Indipop, Sufi and classical music.The bigwigs will all be there – Sukhwinder Singh, Kailash Kher, Shuba Mudgal, Zila Khan, Usha Uthup, Shankar Mahadevan, Sunidhi Chauhan, Shaan, Indian Idol winner Shreeram, Sivamani, Taufiq and electric sitarist Niladri Khan.And joining them will be Games mascot Shera followed by the athletes and volunteers.While the opening ceremony was aimed at capturing the essence of India, the closing ceremony will be a celebration of the country’sachievements. Shiamak Davar will choreograph the show with 1,000 performers.A mind-blowing martial arts segment called Agni has been planned. It will be choreographed by Samudra and have 600 performers from Manipur and Punjab showcasing the origin of martial arts in India.While a military band will play the national anthem, schoolchildren will string together Vande Mataram as a tribute to India.Finally, as Glasgow showcases its host status for the next edition, a massive display of fireworks will bring the curtains down on theCommonwealth Games.advertisement