RSF: “Let’s not allow Beijing to stifle press freedom in Hong Kong”

first_img China: Political commentator sentenced to eight months in prison RSF_en News News Christophe Deloire, the secretary-general of Reporters Without Borders (RSF) calls on the world’s democracies to take action to prevent Beijing from imposing a national security law in Hong Kong that will be used as means to prosecute journalists. Help by sharing this information PHOTO: ANTHONY WALLACE / AFP Receive email alerts The 23rd anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to China this July 1st, comes at a time of deep concern for the future of freedoms in the former British colony. Despite China’s previous commitments, the Beijing regime is attempting to impose a national security law allowing it to intervene in the territory and crack down on anything deemed as “terrorism,” “secession,” “subversion” or “foreign interference”, all under the semblance of legality. In other words, any thought or action that contradicts the interests of the Chinese Communist Party will become prosecutable.If this project succeeds, it will not only deal a fatal blow to press freedom in Hong Kong, it will also mark a decisive step for the Chinese regime on its path towards the “new world media order” it pursues. Hong Kong, a former bastion of press freedom in Asia, has fallen from 18th place in the World Press Freedom Index in 2002 when the Index was first created, to its current positioning in 80th place; the People’s Republic of China remains near the bottom of the index, ranking 177th out of 180 countries and territories.This period of decline for Hong Kong’s press freedom can in large part be attributed to the discrete accession of the majority of Hong Kong’s media by Beijing, either through direct  acquisition or through pressuring the advertisers that fund them.Press freedom violations have increased since the pro-democracy Umbrella Movement in 2014, including knife attacks coordinated by pro-Beijing groups and incessant police violence at anti-government demonstrations. Despite her soothing statements, Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam has clearly shown that she puts Beijing’s interests before respect for press freedom, despite it being guaranteed by Hong Kong’s Basic Law.The concern of Hong Kongers for democracy and free public debate is legitimate and deserves our support. In 2003, half a million Hong Kong residents took to the streets in protest of a similar proposed national security law that was subsequently rejected. In July last year, two million residents, half of the active population, were part of protests that succeeded in the rejection of a proposed law that would have allowed extradition to China. According to a recent poll, the overwhelming majority (98%) of Hong Kong journalists, fear that the future national security law will be used against them. In the rest of China, crimes against “national security” are punishable by death and are being used as a premise for the detention of most of the 114 journalists currently imprisoned in China.If the national security law is given the go ahead, the extensive and systematic measures that suppress press freedom in the rest of China will be expanded to Hong Kong, which so far has largely been spared.  All the Chinese people will suffer, as the level of freedom in the former British colony has so far represented the maximum to which China can aspire. Therefore, any regression of press freedom in Hong Kong can’t but undermine hope of improvement in the rest of the country.Under the legally binding “one country, two systems” principle guaranteed by the Sino-British Joint Declaration and registered with the United Nations, Hong Kong should enjoy “a high degree of autonomy” until 2047. If the world decides to abandon Hong Kong in its time of need, it will not only endanger the system that has allowed this international finance centre to prosper for so many years, it will also be giving Beijing free reign to ignore its other signed commitments and continue expanding its authoritarian and repressive practices throughout the world unchecked. Hong Kong is more than just a symbol that must be preserved. It is a region and a population whose freedom counts for the future of human rights all over the world. Regardless of the short-term cost, the world’s democracies must ensure respect for the principles of international law regarding freedom of opinion and expression. One never wins by yielding, by allowing others to trample over international promises and laws. History is rich with cases of weakness in upholding principles that have turned into tragedy. Let’s not allow history to repeat itself.Let’s not allow Beijing to stifle press freedom in Hong Kong.Christophe DeloireRSF secretary-generalThis Op-Ed was published in Apple Daily Hong Kong:in Englishin Chinese  News News Follow the news on Asia – Pacificcenter_img ChinaHong KongAsia – Pacific Condemning abusesProtecting journalistsMedia independence Freedom of expressionJudicial harassment Pakistani TV anchor censored after denouncing violence against journalists Mongolia : RSF urges presidential candidates to voice support for press freedom June 7, 2021 Find out more ChinaHong KongAsia – Pacific Condemning abusesProtecting journalistsMedia independence Freedom of expressionJudicial harassment June 2, 2021 Find out more to go further June 30, 2020 RSF: “Let’s not allow Beijing to stifle press freedom in Hong Kong” Organisation June 2, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

Ian Dobbie takes MD job at Délifrance

first_imgIan Dobbie has resigned from his position as managing director at British Bakels, after he was offered and has accepted the role of managing director at Délifrance UK.The management team at British Bakels said “the company is sorry to lose Ian, but recognises the opportunity presented by the new company and fully understands his decision to take it”.Dobbie has said he looking forward to the challenges ahead in his new role, which begins Monday 26 January.Dobbie, who was previously managing director of Délifrance UK, left in October 2008 to take up the position of MD at Bakels UK.last_img

Syracuse shuffles defensive linemen through front in search of stability

first_img Facebook Twitter Google+ As of right now, there are no defensive tackles in the Syracuse locker room. There are no nose tackles or defensive ends, either. Only defensive linemen.That’s the way defensive line coach Tim Daoust and the rest of the Syracuse coaching staff are addressing the units at least, shuffling them regularly through spring ball in search of finding a successful rotation.With Jay Bromley off to the NFL, the group is left with no leader and a number of questions.“It’s really been by committee,” Daoust said. “We’re playing a lot of guys in there.”With three rising seniors — nose tackle Eric Crume and defensive ends Micah Robinson and Robert Welsh — there is experience on the line, but the production has been limited. The trio managed just seven sacks and 17.5 combined tackles for loss last season, compared to Bromley’s 10 sacks and 14.5 tackles for loss despite regular double teams.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textEach showed flashes of potential, but none were consistent playmakers.“It’s a different road that I’m not used to as far as being a leader,” Crume said, “but I’ve just got to step into my role and keep getting better. Like everybody else on the D-line, we’ve just got to keep getting better.”Also in the mix are rising senior nose tackle Ryan Sloan and junior defensive tackle Marcus Coleman, rising sophomore defensive end Isaiah Johnson and Ron Thompson, a rising junior tight end-turned-defensive end.And by fall, it’s possible 6-foot-4, 330-pound junior college transfer Wayne Williams could crack the rotation, as well.But currently, he’s focused solely on improving his conditioning. Defensive coordinator Chuck Bullough said he can only go for 5-10 plays at full speed.“When we first got to winter running, it was like, ‘Oh my God, he’s out of shape,’” Bullough said. “He was huge.”Sloan and Coleman have gotten first-team snaps in Syracuse’s Okie and other three-down linemen sets, while Daoust emphasized Johnson’s improved conditioning and Thompson’s elite talent.But in the team’s open practice last Tuesday, the highlights for the group came few and far between.A swim move by Welsh, playing right defensive end, led to his swatting of a Terrel Hunt pass attempt, and ensuing championship belt celebration.Surrounding that, though, were five lengthy touchdowns and limited pressure on the quarterback.“Developing leaders right now is essential for our defensive unit,” Coleman said.Last year, Bromley would keep the group in line after a lengthy running play or ineffective pass rush. As of now, no one has stepped up.Crume, Robinson and Welsh seem to be the logical choices, but none have filled the role yet. And none have the talent that the NFL-bound Bromley did even as a rising senior.It’s clear there will need to be more balanced production from the group. But only time and repetition will tell which defensive linemen become tackles and ends, and which are pushed to the back of the pack.Said Coleman: “We’re trying to be one of the most aggressive and attacking defenses in the country.” Comments Published on April 15, 2014 at 12:10 am Contact Stephen: [email protected] | @Stephen_Bailey1last_img read more

LETTERKENNY DOCTOR ‘COULD NOT TAKE PATIENT’S PULSE’, INQUIRY HEARS

first_imgA JUNIOR doctor recruited to work at Letterkenny General Hospital last July could not take a patient’s pulse, an inquiry has heard.The inquiry was told there were concerns about the competency of Dr Asia Ndaga (31), who qualified in Romania in 2008, from the moment she joined the hospital on July 1st, 2010.There were concerns that her medical knowledge was “weak” for a senior house officer, at the slow speed of her assessment and diagnosis of patients and about her ability to calculate drug dosages. A clinical incident had been noted formally whereby a nurse had to show her how to certify the death of a patient and how to write up medical notes in relation to a patient transferred from Dublin.Dr Ndaga, who did not turn up for the inquiry, was found guilty of poor professional performance. The fitness to practise committee will report to the full council and recommend an appropriate sanction, which was not disclosed.LETTERKENNY DOCTOR ‘COULD NOT TAKE PATIENT’S PULSE’, INQUIRY HEARS was last modified: July 20th, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

‘Doc’ Khumalo shines for Bafana Legends

first_img12 November 2012Coach Clive Barker heaped praise on his squad at the end of a pulsating game in which South Africa’s 1996 Legends defeated the visiting German Legends 2-1 at Peter Mokaba Stadium in Polokwane on Saturday night.Admittedly some of the players could no longer tackle, run or track back like they used to during their playing days, but German coach Eric Rutemoller confessed that the South Africans were worthy winners of the game, which was played in honor of the late former Bafana Bafana coach Thomas Madigage.“We knew that the South Africans were technically good and very, very skillful,” said Rutemoller. “We aimed to close them down, but it proved simply too impossible, especially their number 15 [‘Doctor’ Khumalo] who really had a fantastic match as he controlled the pace of the game.”Opening goalThe opening goal came from Jerry Sikhosana, who came off the bench for Phil Masinga and curled in a beauty past German goalkeeper Oliver Reck in the 47th minute.The heart and soul of the team, “Doctor” Khumalo, crowned a near faultless performance by slipping the ball under the diving Reck following a great through ball from Zane Moosa in the 57th minute for the second South African strike.“We showed a lot of character out there,” said Barker. “We showed that we can still play a bit, and Zane and Doc reminded me of those glory days. I think they were brilliant and I have said this in the past, but Mark Fish was phenomenal as well.‘Football is entertainment’“I thought Jerry [Sikhosana] took his goal very well and Doc had the crowd on their feet. Football is entertainment, and I’d like to believe we gave the spectators what they wanted. I did the airplane celebration, a bit slow yes, but one nonetheless.”Some have certainly bulked up considerably, others are sporting grey hair, while some have none, yet they still command a lot of respect among the South African public which cheered them throughout the match.Khumalo, in particular, might have missed his 1996 partner in crime in Lesiba Moshoeu as they mesmerized the opposition to lead Bafana to triumph, but on Saturday night he had Zane Moosa alongside him to rekindle memories of those heady days with “Shoes”.MidfieldWith former midfield hardmen Linda Buthelezi and Eric Tinkler missing, it was up to Mark Fish and Helman Mkhalele to steady things up in the middle. Their work allowed Khumalo and Moosa the freedom of the Peter Mokaba field.Khumalo must have wondered if he was jinxed when twice from point blank range the German goalkeeper Oliver Reck thwarted him with incredible reflex saves, first using his feet to keep “Mtungwa” out and then diving strongly to his right to deny the South African legend.Captain Neil Tovey’s legs were the first to give in and he was substituted by Andrew Tucker in the 19th minute. Five minutes later, Helman Mkhalele had a great chance to give the hosts the lead, but his shot flew high and wide.‘Legs of Thunder’Barker was forced to send on Jerry “Legs of Thunder” Sikhosana in the 33rd minute for Masinga, who showed visible signs of having had enough of the physical demands of a match in which the Germans were not prepared to give an inch, with Thomas Doll in particular proving to be a menace.In the end, Germany pulled one goal back – a soft penalty in which David Nyathi was adjudged to have brought down Doll was converted by Marko Rehmer, but it was too little too late.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

A map fit for a king

first_imgA portrait of Francois le Vaillant, the French explorer and naturalist. Le Vaillant’s famous giraffe illustration, with him in the foreground.(Images: Iziko South African Museum) The map features numerous wild animal species, three of which are now extinct.(Image: MapMyWay)MEDIA CONTACTS • Prof Ian GlennHead, Department of Media Studies,University of Cape Town+27 82 788 4253Lucille Davie“I returned, so to speak, to man’s primitive state, and breathed, for the first time in my life, the pure and delicious air of freedom,” wrote the explorer, naturalist and social commentator, Francois le Vaillant, of his adventures in South Africa, between the years 1781 and 1784.Le Vaillant was instrumental in creating a large, painted cotton map of South Africa for the French monarch, King Louis XVI, measuring some 3m by 2m in size. It is the centrepiece of the exhibition The King’s Map, Francois le Vaillant in Southern Africa: 1781-1784, which is on at the Iziko South African Museum in Cape Town until the end of May.Drawn 222 years ago, this is the first time the map has been seen in public, thanks to former French ambassador Jacques Lapouge, who was the driving force in getting permission for it to be brought to South Africa.The exhibition is part of the French Season 2012/2013, a multifaceted bilateral collaboration between France and South Africa. Its purpose is to strengthen relations between the two countries through exchanges of cultural, commercial and social initiatives, while promoting an awareness of French culture through a series of events and exhibitions.Recognised as the first modern ornithologist and taxidermist, Le Vaillant produced watercolours and maps, and captured his adventures in a number of volumes on his return to France. In these, he painted a picture of the peoples of South Africa at the time.The exhibition is curated by Ian Glenn, the professor of media studies at the University of Cape Town. He has written extensively on Le Vaillant, including a biography on his military career, his role at the Cape, and his political affiliations during and after the French Revolution. He has also co-authored two books: François Levaillant and the Birds of Africa (2004), and Travels into the Interior of Africa via the Cape of Good Hope, Vol 1 (2007).“When I first learned that there had been a map lavishly produced under the instruction of François le Vaillant for King Louis XVI in 1790, I was determined to see it,” says Glenn. “The map, originally stored in a naval archive, had been moved from one archive to another to escape destruction during World Wars I and II in France.”He finally traced it to Paris. “When I eventually saw it in the map archives of the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, I hoped a South African public would one day share my pleasure in the most beautiful and striking map ever produced of Southern Africa.”But there was some doubt about it being taken out of storage and displayed, given its value and fragile state. “We owe an enormous debt to the French Cultural Services in South Africa for persuading the Bibliothèque Nationale to let the map [be] exhibited in the land that inspired it,” Glenn adds.Rare and valuable worksThe map is on show alongside with other rare and valuable works by Le Vaillant, including a selection of watercolours belonging to the Library of the South African Parliament in Cape Town, original bird illustrations for his Oiseaux d’Afrique and elephant folio versions of his bird books from the Brenthurst Library in Johannesburg.The biodiversity and range of animals he came across while travelling in the interior is depicted on the map, including three that are now extinct – the kwagga, the Cape warthog, and the bloubok. It contains 66 illustrations of animals, birds, and plants, as well as four cartouches or decorative panels showing different indigenous groups he encountered.Le Vaillant left an impressive legacy – besides the bird books, illustrated maps, travel accounts and paintings, he took back animal specimens, in particular the skeleton and skin of a giraffe. To acknowledge his taxidermy skills, a huge stuffed giraffe greets visitors at the entrance to the exhibition.It also has interactive elements – a video with modern day images of the places he recorded on his map, an interactive display of the map on touch screens, and a large replica of his map on the floor at the entrance, allowing visitors to walk the routes he travelled.Rust en VreugdThe house in which Le Vaillant stayed for part of his sojourn in Cape Town, Rust en Vreugd, and where he catalogued his collections, still exists. Today, it is one of the 12 Iziko museums in Western Cape. The late 18th century townhouse is on Buitenkant Street in the city bowl.His journeys took in the colony and its boundaries: one was made around Cape Town and Saldanha Bay; another out eastwards from the Cape, lasting 16 months; and on the third he journeyed north of the Orange River and into Great Namaqualand.There is a possibility that a replica of his map will be made and put on permanent display in Rust en Vreugd.On his return to France, Le Vaillant published two volumes of Voyage dans l’Intérieur de l’Afrique in 1790, and in 1796, he published three volumes of the second Voyage dans l’Intérieur de l’Afrique, all of which were translated into several languages. He also published six volumes of Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux d’Afrique, between 1796 and 1808, with drawings by Jacques Barraband; Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux de Paradis, between 1801 and 1806; Histoire Naturelle des Cotingas et des Todiers in 1804; and Histoire Naturelle des Calaos in 1804.His publications were widely distributed in Europe, introducing the southern African interior to Europeans. They helped to dispel incorrect perceptions of Africa. His illustrations also often influenced scientific names, and he named several birds. He sent over 2 000 bird skins to Europe.Illustrations of travelsOn display in the exhibition are illustrations of Cape Town; an image of Kees, a tame baboon that travelled with him; several camps at Plettenberg Bay and the Great Fish River; wagons crossing the Olifants River; and of the beautiful Narina, a Gonaqua woman with whom some say he became infatuated. The rare Narina Trogon bird is named after her. A friend and hero to Le Vaillant, the Hottentot Klaas, is portrayed looking regal and elegant. Klaas saved Le Vaillant’s life.Several exquisitely detailed botanical images line the walls. Alongside some of the bird illustrations are musical annotations – his efforts to describe the song of the particular bird. Le Vaillant pioneered the display of stuffed birds in lifelike poses.“Le Vaillant played a major role in establishing how Europe saw the Cape,” explains Glenn. “He attempted to represent his South African experience in many ways – from the production of specimens, to lavishly illustrated bird books and travel accounts, and to innovative maps.“In so doing, he created more than a single influential text, but rather a range of texts that shaped what came after him, both here and elsewhere. This work helped shape many modern media, genres and intellectual traditions. In many ways Le Vaillant is a founding figure of South African culture.”Le Vaillant died at the age of 71 in his country house in France.last_img read more

Raptors hit big shots, beat Warriors for 2-1 NBA Finals lead

first_imgPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hosting LATEST STORIES Golden State hopes to get healthier by Game 4 on Friday night back at Oracle Arena.Lowry contributed 23 with five 3-pointers and Green had 18 points with six 3s after Pascal Siakam got the Raptors rolling early as Toronto shot 52.4% and made 17 from deep.“I give our guys a lot of credit. I thought we answered a lot of runs,” Raptors coach Nick Nurse said. “Each time they chipped, we kind of answered back. And that’s kind of what you got to do if you’re going to keep your lead.”The Warriors trailed 96-83 going into the final quarter then Curry’s three free throws at 10:37 made it a seven-point game before back-to-back baskets by Serge Ibaka.Siakam scored 18 points and established the momentum for Toronto from the tip, hitting his first three shots and setting a tone for a defensive effort that stayed solid without the foul problems that plagued the Raptors in Game 2.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Leonard scored 30 points on a night Curry went off for a playoff-best 47, and the Raptors grabbed a pivotal finals road win by beating banged-up Golden State 123-109 on Thursday (Manila time) for a 2-1 series lead.Curry also had eight rebounds and seven assists but couldn’t do it all for the two-time defending champions, down starters Kevin Durant and Klay Thompson and key backup big man Kevon Looney because of injuries.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“They outplayed us. They deserved it,” Warriors coach Steve Kerr said. “I’m very proud of our effort, and now we just got to bounce back and hopefully get back here in here Friday night and hopefully get a little healthier and get some guys back.”Splash Brother Thompson missed his first career playoff game after straining his left hamstring late in Game 2, while Looney is out the rest of the series after a cartilage fracture on his right side near the collarbone that also happened Sunday. Durant, a two-time reigning NBA Finals MVP, is still out because of a strained right calf. Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue NBA: Kawhi, George seek more for Clippers than beating Lakers PLAY LIST 01:48NBA: Kawhi, George seek more for Clippers than beating Lakers03:12Kevin Durant out with Achilles injury; to undergo MRI on Tuesday01:43Who are Filipinos rooting for in the NBA Finals?02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games messcenter_img Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next He missed his eighth straight game since the injury May 8 in Game 5 of the Western Conference semifinals against the Rockets.Thompson was hurt in Game 2 on Sunday and was to be evaluated by the training staff before tipoff. He didn’t end up warming up on the court.Thompson did some running and shooting earlier in the day but Kerr said the Warriors weren’t going to play him “if there’s risk” of further damage at this stage of the series.DeMarcus Cousins went to the locker room late in the game to be checked but Kerr expects him to be fine.ORACLE OVERDUEThe home fans waited 20 days between home playoff games with the long layoff after the Western Conference finals sweep of Portland then Golden State opening the finals in Toronto.It had been since Game 2 against the Trail Blazers on May 16 that the Warriors hosted — the second-longest lapse between home games since the current 16-game, four-round format was established in 1983.The Warriors hosted a Game 3 in the finals for the first time since winning the 1975 title, having begun at home in each of the previous four. DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Golden State greatly missed not only Thompson’s touch from outside but also his stifling defense.Nurse challenged his team to produce more defensive stops in order to get out in transition — “make them miss more,” he said. Ibaka produced six blocked shots in the effort.“We’re at a point in the series we’ve got to get out and guard these dudes,” Nurse said beforehand.Curry shot 14 for 31 including 6 of 14 on 3s while making 13 of 14 free throws in his sixth career 40-point playoff performance.Nurse pulled out a box-and-one to try to stymie Curry in Golden State’s 109-104 Game 2 win, then the Raptors made Curry’s short-handed supporting cast try to beat them this time — and it sure worked.TIP-INSRaptors: All five Toronto starters scored in double digits and Fred VanVleet added 11 off the bench. … The Raptors began 10 for 14 and scored 12 early points in the paint. .. Former Warriors G Patrick McCaw, who departed after last season in contract dispute, drew boos from the crowd when he checked into the game late in the first.Warriors: Curry’s 17 first-quarter points matched his most in the period for the postseason. He also did so on April 27, 2014, against the Clippers. … In the first half, Curry was 4 of 8 from 3-point range the rest of the Warriors 1 for 11. … Green’s streak of double-doubles ended at a career-best six games after he had 17 points and seven rebounds. A 12th overall this postseason would match Denver’s Nikola Jokic for most in the 2019 playoffs. … Tim Hardaway from the Warriors’ “Run TMC” era attended the game.WARRIORS INJURIESDurant went through extensive workouts both Tuesday and Wednesday at the practice facility with the hope he would do some scrimmaging Thursday. While the Warriors weren’t scheduled for a regular practice Thursday, Kerr said some of the coaches and younger players might be called upon to give Durant the full-speed court work he still needs before being medically cleared to return. OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA – JUNE 05: Kyle Lowry #7 of the Toronto Raptors reacts against the Golden State Warriors during Game Three of the 2019 NBA Finals at ORACLE Arena on June 05, 2019 in Oakland, California.  Ezra Shaw/Getty Images/AFPOAKLAND, Calif. — For every amazing shot in a career night by Stephen Curry on his home court, Kawhi Leonard, Kyle Lowry and Danny Green kept finding dazzling answers of their own.The Toronto Raptors have the momentum again in these back-and-forth NBA Finals.ADVERTISEMENT Raptors leading Warriors at halftime of Game 3 View commentslast_img read more

Basketball shot selection analyzed mathematically

first_img More information: arxiv.org/abs/1107.5793 Source: Wikipedia © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further Analyzing Effects Of Hoops Ball Hog In the sport of basketball players are constantly faced with the choice of whether to shoot for the hoop when a shot opportunity arises or to hold on to the ball and hope a better opportunity will arise. Now a theoretical physicist from the University of Minnesota in the US has analyzed the problem mathematically and determined the best strategy. Citation: Basketball shot selection analyzed mathematically (2011, August 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-08-basketball-shot-mathematically.html Graduate student Brian Skinner decided to analyze basketball shot selection after hearing about traffic flow research that reached the unexpected conclusion that average commuting time could be reduced by road closures that force drivers to travel by routes they would otherwise avoid in order to try to minimize their own commuting time. The traffic flow diagrams reminded Skinner, an enthusiastic fan of basketball, of diagrams of the flow of basketball players in a game. The surprising conclusion also reminded him of a basketball theory named after Patrick Ewing, a high-scoring basketball player. When the games of Ewing’s team were analyzed it was discovered that the team won more games if the big-scoring Ewing was absent.Skinner realized that most of the mathematical equations and variables used in analyzing traffic flow could also be applicable to basketball and the movement of the ball in the game. His analysis, published at arXiv.org, concentrated on the movement of the ball as it approached the hoop.Skinner’s model aimed to find out how likely the shot is to go in before the player should make the shot. Shots more likely to go in were classed as higher quality shots, and the model assumed that the quality of shot opportunities falls randomly. The mathematical model demonstrated the optimal strategy for scoring the maximum points is for the team to take their time and concentrate on making high quality shots as long as there is sufficient time remaining for the shot. The model also concluded that a team playing a faster game and having twice the shot opportunities of its rival should not have double the shooting rate, but taking more time and being more selective about which shots to take would give them the biggest advantage. So, for example, if the slower team shoots at an average rate of 20 seconds, the team playing twice as fast should not shoot every 10 seconds but should take an extra three seconds on average, giving a shooting rate of 13 seconds. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more