ARM Cement Limited (ARM.ke) 2009 Annual Report

first_imgARM Cement Plc (ARM.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Building & Associated sector has released it’s 2009 annual report.For more information about ARM Cement Plc (ARM.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the ARM Cement Plc (ARM.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: ARM Cement Plc (ARM.ke)  2009 annual report.Company ProfileAthi River Mining Limited manufactures and sells cement and cement products through distribution outlets in Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa and Rwanda. The company was originally founded to produce lime for the agricultural sector and today, is the largest manufacture of cement in East Africa with other interests in fertilisers, quicklime, hydrated lime, sodium silicate and industrial minerals. The company mines and processes industrial minerals and chemicals, sells building products, extracts and processes limestone and manufactures and sells fertilisers and silicate liquid. Cement products are sold under the brand name Rhino, and fertilisers under the brand name Mavuno. Known today in trading circles as ARM, the company was formerly known as Athi River Mining Limited when it was founded in 1974. Its name was changed to ARM Cement Plc in 2012. ARM Cement Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) 2013 Presentation

first_imgZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2013 presentation For more information about ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw)  2013 presentation Company ProfileZB Financial Holdings Limited provides financial solutions to the commercial and merchant banking sector in Zimbabwe, as well as retail banking services, insurance operations and strategic investments. Known as Zimbank, the company services its clients through a nationwide footprint of branches in major towns and cities in Zimbabwe and electronic delivery channels. The Insurance division provides structured insurance products for short- and long-term insurance; and the Strategic Investment division offers shared services which include risk management, compliance and human resources, and investments in property holdings and sub-sectors of the financial sector. ZB Financial Holdings Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Penny share in focus: why did the Futura Medical share price soar 125%+ today?

first_img Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. The Futura Medical share price is now sitting around 40p, which has more than doubled overnight. But this remains far below its 2016 high of 95p.The company is developing products in highly lucrative markets, with lots of potential for growth. However, I’m not tempted to buy Futura Medical shares today as it’s too speculative an investment for me at this time. Personally, I prefer a well-established healthcare stock such as AstraZeneca as a long-term investment. FTSE AIM All-Share pharmaceutical company Futura Medical (LSE:FUM) saw its share price skyrocket over 125% this morning. This was thanks to EU certification of its MED3000 gel as a Class 2B approved medical device.Once the certification comes through, it means the topical gel can be purchased over the counter without a prescription. MED3000 gel is an erectile dysfunction treatment. Futura Medical expects full approval by the end of May, with EU certification and the subsequent CE mark.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…This is a significant breakthrough for the company, as it will be the first of its kind available in Europe. And it lays the foundations for global approval. In the meantime, the company is also seeking marketing approval for MED3000 in the US. Again, this will be for use as a non-prescription, over-the-counter treatment.A penny share with room for growthFutura Medical is a penny share and as such carries considerable risk to shareholder capital. The company’s profitability depends on sales. While the treatment for approval is undoubtedly a positive step in the right direction, it still has to complete a clinical trial for a supplementary study.The company projected the market for this product to be worth around $5.6bn, which is a significant sum. And there is clearly scope for a considerable share price upside—if the company can get its product to market and achieve a high level of sales.Erectile dysfunction is a condition affecting one in five men globally. And being of a sensitive nature, means over-the-counter treatments could well be favoured over prescription only options.James Barder, CEO of Futura, commented: “Once the certificate is issued, MED3000 may be marketed throughout the EU without the need of a doctor’s prescription subject to any national marketing restrictions. This will represent a significant commercial opportunity.”Some analysts also believe MED3000 gel could be a safer and preferable alternative to prescription only rival products such as Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra. Earlier this month the company signed a deal with private equity firm Co-High to help it roll out MED3000 throughout China and South East Asia. Co-High will also cover Futura’s development and approval costs, which are expected to be around £4m. Futura will then earn 50% of any profits realised. Developing cannabidiol gelThis is not the only product the company is working on. Last summer it announced successful studies on a cannabidiol gel, called CBD100, which is intended to be used for several applications and indications expected to range from cosmeceutical through to pharmaceutical dermal and pain relief treatments. The company hopes to produce a high-quality cannabidiol gel that’s superior to unregulated, low-tech products in circulation.Futura Medical financialsFutura Medical has a £99m market capitalisation, earnings per share are negative, and it doesn’t offer a dividend. Its share price has seen extreme volatility over the years. Penny share in focus: why did the Futura Medical share price soar 125%+ today? “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Kirsteen Mackay | Friday, 19th March, 2021 | More on: FUM Enter Your Email Address Kirsteen has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. See all posts by Kirsteen Mackay I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Image source: Getty Images. last_img read more

Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Take Hold and Others Come Unstuck

first_imgMade to Stick: Why Some Ideas Take Hold and Others Come Unstuck AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 4 February 2009 | News  23 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThiscenter_img Tagged with: Management About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

Indigenous Day of Mourning

first_imgThe 47th annual National Day of Mourning organized by the United American Indians of New England was held Nov. 24 in Plymouth, Mass., to debunk the racist myth of “Thanksgiving.” Over 1,000 people gathered in solidarity with the fighting spirit of Indigenous peoples, who continue to resist racist U.S. genocidal policies dating back to Christopher Columbus.That resistance lives on today, especially in Standing Rock, N.D., where hundreds of Native nations have united since last spring against the building of the multibillion-dollar Dakota Access Pipeline within a four-state radius. The DAPL threatens to poison the water supply of at least 18 million people and desecrate sacred burial lands. Indigenous peoples and their supporters there have endured and resisted unimaginable brutality by militarized police and private mercenaries from such companies as G4S, a global security firm  notorious for human rights abuses.Another major focus for NDOM is the ongoing struggle to free beloved Native political prisoner Leonard Peltier, who sent a letter of solidarity to NDOM.  Increased efforts are being made to force President Obama to grant clemency for 72-year-old Peltier, falsely imprisoned since 1976 and in failing health.The rally of all Indigenous speakers included UAINE co-chairs, Moonanum James (Aquinnah Wampanoag) and Mahtowin Munro (Lakota), Thalia Carroll Cachimuel (Kichwa), Juan Gonzalez (Maya), Bert Waters (Wampanoag),Deborah Spears Moorehead (Wampanoag) and the Nettukusqk Eastern Woodland Singers. Additional speakers were Billy Myers (Iahtehotas), Sister Bello (Mexicana), Tiokasin Ghosthorse (Cheyenne River Lakota Nation) and Elder Vanessa Meztli Inaru (Taino).Following the rally, a spirited march took place before everyone enjoyed a collective feast.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Sri Lanka: Sunday Leader journalists under threat

first_img December 2, 2009 – Updated on January 25, 2016 Sri Lanka: Sunday Leader journalists under threat Organisation Help by sharing this information RSF_en center_img Reporters Without Borders: Interview with Frederica Jansz, Editor-in-Chief of The Sunday Leader of Sri LankaTen months after Lasantha Wickrematunge, editor of the independent Sri Lankan weekly, The Sunday Leader, was murdered, the new editor-in-chief and the news editor received death threats. Exclusive testimony. Newslast_img

Toshiba Appoints Joy Hopkins as Chief Financial Officer for Retail Solutions Business

first_img   Toshiba Appoints Joy Hopkins as Chief Financial Officer for Retail Solutions Business WhatsApp Local NewsBusiness By Digital AIM Web Support – February 8, 2021 Twitter Pinterest RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 8, 2021– Toshiba Global Commerce Solutions today announced Joy Hopkins is joining the company as its new Chief Financial Officer effective February 8, 2021. Hopkins has more than 20 years of experience in market and financial feasibility analysis and strategic planning in the corporate, legal, and nonprofit sectors in addition to expertise in high-growth technology sectors involving integrated hardware, software, and service offerings. In this role, she will be responsible for helping further accelerate the company’s transformation as a trusted retail commerce solutions leader. This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210208005269/en/ Joy Hopkins, Chief Financial Officer, Toshiba Global Commerce Solutions (Photo: Business Wire) “Joy Hopkins is a true leader; not only a highly accomplished finance executive but also one with a global mindset and a proven record of bringing positive change to the teams and organizations she leads,” said president and chief executive officer, Rance Poehler. “Joy brings the unique combination of performance and passion that makes her an excellent fit for us as we continue to transform our retail business.” Hopkins joins Toshiba as a global finance leader who has managed high-profile, multimillion-dollar businesses at innovative technology companies including Intel Corporation and Lenovo. During her time as Chief Financial Officer of Lenovo’s new Commercial Internet of Things division, focused on the services-led commercial IoT market, she was instrumental in delivering high-growth that included addressing the unique needs of the retail industry. Her efforts earned her a Finance Bravo award for standing up the financial infrastructure and systems enabling this growth. While at Intel she held a number of senior finance leadership positions focused on global tax and trade where she led special projects netting $100M in annual savings, plus prior roles managing finance consolidation and reporting for Intel’s Corporate Marketing and Technology and Manufacturing groups. She is recognized as an expert in change management and process excellence methodologies such as Lean Six Sigma and Business Process Management. “Toshiba is in a unique position to lead the way in an industry on the verge of disruption given their trusted relationships, proven track record of innovation and growth mindset,” said Hopkins. “I’ve always looked for opportunities to have a positive impact on the teams I lead and the clients, partners and communities we serve. I could not be more excited to be joining the Toshiba team.” About Toshiba Global Commerce Solutions Toshiba Global Commerce Solutions is a global market share leader in retail store technology and retail’s first choice for integrated in-store solutions. Together with a global team of dedicated business partners, we achieve brilliant commerce by advancing the future of retail with innovative commerce solutions that enhance customer engagement, transform the in-store experience, and accelerate digital transformation. To learn more, visit commerce.toshiba.com and engage with us on Twitter,LinkedIn,Facebook and YouTube. View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210208005269/en/ CONTACT: Fredrik Carlegren Vice President of Marketing [email protected] KEYWORD: UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRY KEYWORD: HARDWARE DATA MANAGEMENT CONSUMER ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY SOFTWARE SOURCE: Toshiba Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/08/2021 11:00 AM/DISC: 02/08/2021 11:01 AM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210208005269/en WhatsAppcenter_img Facebook Facebook Pinterest Twitter TAGS  Previous articleKayne Partners Establishes Leading Platform for Growth Equity Investments in the Media and Supply Chain SectorsNext articleSummer Crenshaw Joins TalentNow as CEO Digital AIM Web Supportlast_img read more

Madras HC Issues Notice On Plea Seeking Insurance Coverage Of Upto 25 Lakhs For LPG Deliverymen In Case Of Death Due To Corona Virus [Read Order]

first_imgNews UpdatesMadras HC Issues Notice On Plea Seeking Insurance Coverage Of Upto 25 Lakhs For LPG Deliverymen In Case Of Death Due To Corona Virus [Read Order] LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK27 April 2020 12:02 AMShare This – xThe Madras High Court has issued notices on a petition seeking insurance coverage of up to Rs. 25 lakhs for LPG deliverymen, in case of death due to corona virus infection. The Petitioner, T. Sivakumar, has prayed that the Respondents should be directed to collect the name list of all deliverymen employed by various LPG distributing Agencies through online communication and take…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Madras High Court has issued notices on a petition seeking insurance coverage of up to Rs. 25 lakhs for LPG deliverymen, in case of death due to corona virus infection. The Petitioner, T. Sivakumar, has prayed that the Respondents should be directed to collect the name list of all deliverymen employed by various LPG distributing Agencies through online communication and take apposite steps in this direction. Noting that there is an “imminent urgency” in the matter, a bench of Justice M. Sathyanarayanan and Justice M. Nirmal Kumar has issued notices to the Union Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of Tamil Nadu, IOCL, Bharat Petroleum and other such organizations, returnable by May14. Inter alia, the Petitioner has sought that the Government should ensure availability of Personal Protective Equipments (PPE) such as N95 safety masks and gloves for all LPG deliverymen. He has suggested that a separate pair of gloves should be made available for each set of cylinder and detergent soap powder sachets should be provided for each cylinder to wash the cylinders before taking them from godown. The Petitioner has also prayed that the Government should be directed to issue a public notice, authorizing LPG deliverymen to move freely to and fro their workplace and during deliveries. Case Details: Case Title: T. Sivakumar v. Govt. of India & Ors. Case No.: WP No. 7501/2020 Quorum: Justice M. Sathyanarayanan and Justice M. Nirmal Kumar Appearance: Advocate K. Kathiresan (for Petitioner); Additional Solicitor General G. Karthikeyan and Government Pleader V. Jayaprakash Narayanan (for Respondents) Click Here To Download Order Read Order Next Storylast_img read more

Women In Constituent Assembly : Engaging With The Role Of Hansa Mehta

first_imgColumnsWomen In Constituent Assembly : Engaging With The Role Of Hansa Mehta Surbhi Karwa11 July 2020 8:36 PMShare This – x(‘Women In Constituent Assembly’ series will discuss the role played by women in the Constituent Assembly of India. This is the second article of the series. The first one was about Dakshayani Velayudhan)Constitutions impact women. Even when constitutional provisions appear to be neutral, they impact lives of women differently. From distribution of power amongst Union and States to…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login(‘Women In Constituent Assembly’ series will discuss the role played by women in the Constituent Assembly of India. This is the second article of the series. The first one was about Dakshayani Velayudhan)Constitutions impact women. Even when constitutional provisions appear to be neutral, they impact lives of women differently. From distribution of power amongst Union and States to rights provisions in Constitutions, women are important stakeholders in constitution making processes.[1] Constituent Assemblies thus are important sites for feminist engagement. And yet such feminist engagements are rare to be found. In Indian context too, the story of framing of Indian Constitution has been story of ‘founding fathers’ minus the ‘founding mothers’. Both in academic memory and public memory, the role of women members in the drafting of the Indian Constitution has remained marginalized. While the names of 15 women members of the assembly have become available in public domain with growing interest in Constituent Assembly Debates, yet much is not known about the extent and nature of their participation. Thus, I aim to share excerpts from the speeches, and other episodes on role of women members in the Constituent Assembly. The aim of these stories is not to mythologize the Constituent Assembly and its women members, but to give a brief prima facie account of role of women members. Their interventions warrant a detailed engagement, but here my aim is to share some glimpses of their role within limits of journalistic pieces. Today I bring to you speeches and interventions of Hansa Mehta, one of the 15 women members of the assembly, whose 123rd Birth Anniversary was marked few days ago on 3rd July. Life of Hansa Mehta- Born on 3rd July 1897 in Surat, Gujarat, Hansa Mehta (much like other women members), came from a rather elite background. She was daughter of Manubhai Mehta, the Dewan of Baroda state and studied at Baroda and London. She was influenced by Gandhi and was the President of All Indian Women’s Conference in 1946, when Charter of rights and duties of Indian women was drafted. She joined Constituent Assembly on 9th December 1946 from Bombay. Role in various Committees of the Constituent Assembly- The Constituent Assembly had wide range of committees for various issues ranging from fundamental rights, distribution of power between union and states to rules for functioning of constituent assembly. Hansa Mehta was part of two different committees of the assembly. She was one of three women member of the 64 member odd Advisory Committee. The Advisory Committee was established as per Cabinet Mission and Congress party’s own resolutions and was chiefly tasked with submission of reports on fundamental rights, minority rights and administration of tribal and excluded areas. The committee had two sub-committees – the Sub-Committee on Fundamental Rights and the Sub-Committee on Minority rights. Mrs. Hansa Mehta was member of Fundamental Rights Sub Committee of the Advisory Committee with Rajkumari Amrit Kaur. In the sub-committee, both the women members jointly intervened on range of occasions especially on right to religion, personal laws and marriage laws. Some of them are as follows- They proposed introduction of a provision in the Constitution providing against impediments to marriage between citizens from different religions on the line of Ar. 54 of Swiss Constitution. The aim was to encourage inter-religious marriages by removing impediments of Special Marriage Act, 1872. The proposed provision guaranteeing uniform civil code within 5-10 years of coming of Constitution. On question of national language, they suggested national language must be provided for in Roman script as alternative to Devnagari or Persian script since members of small minorities like Christians or Jews and citizens from South would find Roman to be familiar. They both dissented against any kind of compulsory services by state warning against the dangers of giving state power of compulsion in any sphere of life. They further also introduced proposals for restrictive right to religion arguing that no clause in any fundamental rights shall make impossible future legislation for the purposes of wiping out the evils of child marriage pardah, unequal laws of inheritance, polygamy, prevention of inter-caste marriages etc. Hansa Menhta was also member of Provincial Constitution committee. Representation of flag on behalf of ‘women of India’- 14th August 1947, one day before Indian independence, marked an important day for the Constituent Assembly.[2] The assembly victoriously spoke about freedom struggle and freedom from the foreign rulers the next day and observed two-minute silence for the freedom fighters who sacrificed themselves for Indian freedom. On this occasion, amidst cheers from the assembly members, Hansa Mehta presented national flag ‘on behalf of women of India’. This presentation was result of a Flag Representation Committee which had 100-prominent women of India as its members. Apart from all the 15 women members of the assembly, the committee had various other elite women of that time- Mridula Sarabhai, Sophia Wadia, Mithan Jamshed Lam, Janki Ben Bajaj and even Indira Gandhi. Observing that it is in ‘fitness of things’ that first flag should be ‘gift from women of India’, Hansa Mehta observed- “In presenting this symbol of our freedom, we once more offer our services to the nation. We pledge ourselves to work for a great India, for building up a nation that will be a nation among nations. We pledge ourselves for working for a greater cause, to maintain the freedom that we have attained. We have great traditions to maintain, traditions that made India so great in the past. It is the duty of every man and woman to preserve these traditions so that India may hold her spiritual supremacy over the world.” This statement warrants a critical inquiry. Who are the ‘women of India’ on whose behalf the flag was presented? What is symbolic value of this episode for women in post-constitutional India? What does assertion of glorious Indian traditions as refereed in Mehta’s statement have for women? Indian freedom struggle has been argued to be continuously differentiating between Indian women from western women; Indian women are supposed holders of India’s spiritual superiority.[3] What do these beliefs of a leading women framer of the Constitution mean for women of the country? In fact, this is not the first time Mehta evoked ‘spiritual superiority’ of India. Speaking on the Objective resolution, which later became Preamble of the Constitution, she asserted that she is speaking for ‘fundamental rights of women’. In her speech then she spoke of role of women in attainment of ‘rightful place’ of ‘ancient land’ of India. She observed that the inequalities of women of India are result of ‘laws, customs and practices of people who have fallen from the heights of that civilisation of which we are all so proud.'[4] The assertions of a golden ancient civilization, spiritual superiority warrant scrutiny in their impacts on women in constitutional order. Rejection of Special Provisions for Women The women members of the Constituent Assembly spoke in unanimous voice against any kind of special treatment for political participation of women.[5] During the freedom struggle too women leaders of the Constituent Assembly remained against separate electorates and reservations at various platforms. The political culture during freedom struggle saw special treatments of any kind as a taboo, and as an attempt towards separation and against unity. Thus the question of special provisions for women’s political sphere was also seen as ‘extension of a wrong principle into women’s sphere’.[6] Hansa Mehta too belonged to the same league. Speaking on the Objective Resolution on 19th December 1946 she shared her pride in belonging to a women’s organization which has never asked for reserved seats, quotas or separate electorates. She said- “…….we have never asked for privileges. The women’s organisation to which I have the honour to belong has never asked for reserved seats, for quotas, or for separate electorates. What we have asked for is social justice, economic justice, and political justice. We have asked for that equality which can alone be the basis of mutual respect and understanding and without which real co-operation is not possible between man and woman.”[7] On role of people in working of a Constitution: Her Speech on Adoption of Constitution From 11th November 1949 to 26th November 1949, the draft Constitution was presented before the Constituent Assembly for its adoption and members.[8] During this time, Hansa Mehta in her speech, called it a ‘miracle’ that an agreement in form of Constitution could be achieved, given the ‘circumstances’ Constituent Assembly was placed in and given the ‘divergent views’ in the assembly. She argued that ‘in spite of all the complicated problems’, the assembly has not ‘done badly’. On this occasion, she also touched upon two Directive Principles of State Policy- prohibition and uniform civil code. However the most important lesson from her speech on adoption of Constitution is her insistence on role of people in working of a constitution. She says- “The goodness or badness of a Constitution depends on how it is going to work. If it works in the interests of the people, it will be a good Constitution; if it works otherwise, it will be a bad Constitution. It is for the future electors to elect the right kind of persons, who will work the Constitution in the interests of the people. The responsibility, therefore, lies with the people.” [9] Encounter with sexist comments- Constituent Assembly saw various instances of sexism and sexist comments. Rohini Kumar Chaudhari in his final address on the Constitution, just 4 days prior to final adaption of Constitution, criticizes Constitution for having no provision for protection against cows and in the same breath adds need for protection against women. He argues that it is some progress, some achievement that the Dr. Ambedkar has not insisted upon special seats for women, but he finds the Constitution lacking for having failed to provide protection against women. He comments- We really need protection against women because in every sphere of life they are now trying to elbow us out. In the offices, in the legislatures, in the embassies, in everything they try to elbow us out.[10] He called upon the house to unanimously accept his decision. On being questioned whether he is oppressed by women as to ask for protection from them, he explains through example of cows that if cows are allowed to live as they like, then cow would be really a source of danger and it will be necessary to protect ourselves against them. He argues that he would regret if any feeling of pushing women forward is left amongst men since “it is foolish man who give them votes, send them to legislatures and thus create troubles like troubles created in matter of the Hindu Code.” Rohini Kumar Chaudhari’s comments were full of various stereotypes about women. Chaudhari very conveniently compared women to cows, characterizing them as properties. These comments drew little response from the house with sometimes woman members requesting members to exercise restraint. Hansa Mehta did not respond to Rohini Kumar Choudhary directly but commented-[11] “The world would have thought very little of the men if they had asked for protection against women in this Constitution; I am very happy to see that the Constitution does not include that provision. Otherwise men would have had to hide their faces before the world.” Similar objections were also raised by Purnima Banerji who reminded the assembly that women are equal partners of the new national life and its national building project. It is telling that right before two days of the adoption of the Constitution, two women member had to remind the house that the question of women’s concern shall not be taken with levity and lightness. Thus, Hansa Mehta was one of the important voices of Constituent Assembly. Her positions and arguments in the Assembly on inter-religious marriages, questions of equal inheritance, political reservation continue to impact women of this country. We require a critical engagement with her wide ranging interventions. (Surbhi undertook her LL.M. Dissertation research on feminist critique of Indian Constituent Assembly. She taught the same as seminar course at National Law University, Delhi in Spring semester 2020. She can be reached at [email protected]) Also Read : Remembering Dakshayani Velayudhan – The Lone Dalit Woman In Constituent Assembly, by the same author  [1] HELEN IRVING, GENDER AND THE CONSTITUTION: EQUITY AND AGENCY IN COMPARATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL DESIGN 3 (Cambridge University Press). [2]Constitutional Assembly Debates (Proceedings) – Volume V, LOK SABHA (Aug. 14, 1948) [3] MAITRAYEE CHAUDHURI, THE INDIAN WOMEN’S MOVEMENT REFORM AND REVIVAL 159 (Palm Leaf Publications 2011). [4] Constitutional Assembly Debates (Proceedings) – Volume I, LOK SABHA (Dec. 19, 1946), http://164.100.47.194/loksabha/writereaddata/cadebatefiles/C19121946.html [5] See-Constitutional Assembly Debates (Proceedings) – Volume IV, LOK SABHA (Jul. 18, 1947), http://164.100.47.194/loksabha/writereaddata/cadebatefiles/C18071947.html. [6]ANUPAMA ROY, GENDERED CITIZENSHIP: HISTORICAL AND CONCEPTUAL EXPLORATIONS 167 (Orient BlackSwan 2013). [7]Hansa Mehta, Constitutional Assembly Debates (Proceedings) – Volume I, LOK SABHA (Dec. 19, 1946), http://164.100.47.194/loksabha/writereaddata/cadebatefiles/C19121946.html. [8] These proceedings have been recorded as Volume 11 of Constituent Assembly debates. [9]Hansa Mehta, Constitutional Assembly Debates (Proceedings) – Volume XI, LOK SABHA (Nov. 22, 1949) http://loksabhaph.nic.in/writereaddata/cadebatefiles/C22111949.html [10] See Rohini Kumar Chaudhari, Constitutional Assembly Debates (Proceedings) – Volume XI, LOK SABHA (Nov. 21, 1949), http://164.100.47.194/loksabha/writereaddata/cadebatefiles/C22111949.html . [11]Hansa Mehta, Constitutional Assembly Debates (Proceedings) – Volume XI, LOK SABHA (Nov. 22, 1949) http://loksabhaph.nic.in/writereaddata/cadebatefiles/C22111949.html Next Storylast_img read more

Slain 5-year-old was struck, forced to stay in cold shower: Court documents

first_imgKuzma/iStock(CRYSTAL LAKE, Ill.) — The parents charged in the murder of their 5-year-old son, Andrew “AJ” Freund, allegedly forced the little boy to stay in a cold shower “for an extended period of time” and may have “struck” him, according to court documents. AJ’s parents, Andrew “Drew” Freund Sr. and JoAnn Cunningham, have been charged with his murder, police said.AJ, of Crystal Lake, Illinois, was reported missing on April 18, prompting a massive, week-long search. The deadly assault occurred on or about April 15, according to court documents. AJ’s parents ultimately provided information that led investigators to a body believed to be that of the little boy, Crystal Lake Police Chief Jim Black said at a news conference on Wednesday.AJ’s body was found on Wednesday in a shallow grave, wrapped in plastic, in a rural area near Woodstock, Illinois, Black said.His cause of death is unclear. Cunningham, 35, was charged with five counts of first-degree murder; four counts of aggravated battery; two counts of aggravated domestic battery; and one count of failure to report a missing or child death.Freund, 60, was charged with five counts of first-degree murder; two counts of aggravated battery; one count of aggravated domestic battery; two counts of concealment of homicidal death; and one count of failure to report a missing or child death. Both are due to be arraigned on Monday. During the search for AJ, his younger brother was placed in a different home under a Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) safety plan, a DCFS spokesman told ABC News earlier this week.DCFS has been in contact with AJ’s family since AJ was born with opiates in his system in October 2013, DCFS officials said. In November 2013, AJ was taken into protective custody and placed in foster care, DCFS officials said. AJ was returned to his home in June 2015, according to the agency. In March 2018, DCFS officials investigated allegations of neglect by AJ’s parents; the allegations were unfounded, according to DCFS. The last contact between DCFS and the family was in December 2018, after Cunningham called the cops to report that AJ’s father stole her cellphone and medication. Responding officers found a bruise on one of the children, but were “unable to make a determination of abuse,” and released the kids back to the parents, according to police reports. Child protection staffers investigated the allegations of abuse and neglect, but the allegations were unfounded, a DCFS spokesman said. The news of AJ’s death is “heartbreaking,” Marc Smith, acting director of Illinois DCFS, said in a statement Wednesday. “Our priority is the care and safety of Andrew’s younger sibling,” Smith said. “The Department is committed to conducting a comprehensive review of the entirety of our work with Andrew’s family to understand our shortcomings and to be fully transparent with the public on any steps we are taking to address the issues.” Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more